Virantage® polyethersulfone (PESU) tougheners are amorphous, high-temperature thermoplastics used to improve the toughness of thermoset matrix systems while retaining high modulus, high temperature capability, hot-wet performance and resistance to aggressive environments. Functionalized (r-PESU) and non-functionalized powders are available in a range of particle sizes.

Repeating unit for functionalized r-PESU



Adding high molecular weight PESU increases the viscosity of an epoxy solution. The change in viscosity depends on the concentration and molecular weight of the additive and may require some modifications to the subsequent composite preparation processes.

The solution viscosity of Virantage® PESU as a function of temperature and concentration in a TGAP (triglycidyl-p-aminophenol) epoxy system at 75 °C (167 °F) is shown below. Lower molecular weight VW-10700 RP epoxy solutions are substantially lower in viscosity, which provides enhanced processability.

Toughening Performance

The effect of varying the concentration of three Virantage® PESU grades on the fracture toughness (K1C) of a TGAP epoxy system cured with DDS (4, 4’-diaminodiphenylsulfone) is shown in Figure 3. As expected, the slightly higher molecular weight VW-10200 RP gives higher K1C values compared to the same loading with the lower molecular weight VW-10700 RP and implies more effective toughening. The non-functionalized VW-10300 P offers toughening capability up to certain loading levels.

Solution Viscosity of PESU-TGAP at 75 °C



Effects of PESU concentration and MW on fracture toughness for TGAP-PESU-DDS


Technical Data Sheets

Virantage® polyethersulfone (PESU) is an amorphous, high-temperature thermoplastic that offers excellent thermal and hydrolytic stability. Inherent toughness imparts damage tolerance to thermoset composites and excellent flexibility to coatings.

Virantage® reactive polyethersulfone (r-PESU) features reactive end groups that enhance solubility and processability, and improve interfacial properties for excellent hot-wet performance in epoxy thermosets.

Virantage® PESU Technical Data Sheets
Virantage® VW-10200 
Amorphous, high-temperature sulfone polymer powder, features reactive end groups to enhance solubility
Virantage® VW-10300 
Amorphous, high-temperature sulfone polymer powder, features non-functionalized end groups
Virantage® VW-10700 
Amorphous, high-temperature, features reactive end groups to enhance solubility