Solvay’s unique portfolio of high-performance solutions for the Automotive industry

Chemistry Products
Aromatic Polymers  
Polyketones, Aromatic
  • AvaSpire® PAEK
  • KetaSpire® PEEK
  • Torlon® PAI
Polyphenylene Sulfide
  • Ryton® PPS
Sulfone Polymers
  • Radel® PPSU
  • Veradel® PESU
  • Udel® PSU
Liquid Crystal Polymers
  • Xydar® LCP
Polyamides, Aromatic
  • Amodel® PPA
  • Ixef® PARA
Fluoropolymers  
Fluorinated Fluids
  • Fomblin® PFPE
Fluorinated Elastomers
  • Tecnoflon® FKM
Fluoropolymers
  • Halar® ECTFE
  • Solef® PVDF
  • Algoflon® PTFE
  • Polymist® PTFE
  • Hyflon® PFA/MFA®

Drivetrain Systems

High-Temperature Plastics for Long-Lasting Performance

Solvay Specialty Polymers offer a broad range of high-performance plastics with a proven track record of replacing metal in demanding automotive applications: 

  • Torlon® PAI delivers high strength and excellent wear resistance
  • KetaSpire® PEEK provides very good wear resistance
  • AvaSpire® PAEK offers very good wear resistance and is more cost effective than PEEK
  • Amodel® PPA the most cost effective with good wear resistance

 

Key Features

  • Light weight for improved fuel efficiency
  • Parts consolidation for lower manufacturing and assembly costs
  • Noise and vibration dampening
  • Compatible with transmission fluids
  • Abrasion and corrosion resistance
  • High-temperature wear

 

Compatible Transmission Designs

  • Dual clutch (DCT)
  • Automated manual (AMT)
  • Continuously variable (CVT)
  • Automatic
  • Front wheel drive
  • Rear wheel drive
  • All wheel drive
  • Light Duty
  • High torque

 

Drivetrain Grades

  Dry  Lubricated Seal Rings Thrust Washers Thrust Bearings Check Balls
TORLON® PAI:  variety of wear resistance grades
Torlon 4203L 
Unfilled, high elongation 
 

 

Torlon 4301 
High compressive strength 

   
Torlon 4275 
Designed for high speeds 

 
Torlon 4630 
Excellent wear resistance 

 
Torlon 4645 
Excellent wear resistance 
 

 
Ketaspire® PEEK: very good wear resistance
KetaSpire KT-820 SL30

   
KetaSpire KT-820 SL45  

   
AvaSpire® PAEK: very good wear resistance. More cost effective than PEEK
AvaSpire AV-755 SL45  

   
Amodel® PPA: good wear resistance. Most cost effective
Amodel AT-6130 HS  

 

   

Automotive Electrical and Electronics Systems

Sulfone Polymers Make a Visible Difference

Sulfone polymers are amorphous high-heat polymers that retain their mechanical strength in some of the toughest environments. Unfilled grades offer good ductility and are available in a range of transparent colors.

Udel® polysulfone (PSU) offers exceptional dimensional and hydrolytic stability and has an HDT of 174°C (345°F). Veradel® polyethersulfone (PESU) offers a high HDT of 204°C (399°F) and better chemical resistance than Udel resins.

Key Features

  • High glass transition temperatures up to 220°C
  • Strength and toughness at elevated temperature
  • Excellent hydrolytic stability
  • Good electrical insulation properties
  • High elongation for good ductility
  • Warp resistance

 

 

Udel® PSU

Veradel® PESU

Bobbins

 

Connectors

Fuses

 

Housings

 

Lighting Sockets

 

Relays

 

Sensors

Switches

 

 

Semi-Crystallines Provide Reliable High-Temperature Performance

Amodel® polyphthalamide (PPA) is a family of high-temperature polyamides that retain their high strength and stiffness up to 280°C and maintain mechanical integrity after thousands of hours at elevated temperatures. Their low moisture absorption prevents blistering during IR soldering. These materials are highly resistant to many commonly used electronic cleaning agents, fuels, automotive fluids and road salts. Fast cycle times can lower molding costs.

Amodel® PPA

Amodel resins are available in an wide variety of grades—including high strength, toughened, conductive, high flow, laser welding and flame retardant grades—giving you more ways to optimize performance, processing and price.

Amodel® PPA Key Features

  • High strength and stiffness
  • Continuous-use temperature from 120-185°C at 5,000 hours
  • Withstands SMT processing up to 280°C
  • Low moisture absorption prevents blistering
  • Excellent dimensional stability
  • High flow for thin-wall designs and precision overmolding
  • Excellent electrical insulating properties
  • Good adhesion to silicone and epoxy
  • Meets established OEM specifications
  • Resists automotive fluids, fuels and road salts

 

Xydar® LCP

Xydar® liquid crystal polymer (LCP) is a highly crystalline glass-filled resin that offers exceptional flow properties. It can withstand SMT assembly, including lead-free solder reflow, and retains its high strength and stiffness up to 300°C.

Xydar® LCP Key Features

  • Withstands SMT processing up to 280°C
  • High strength and stiffness up to 300°C
  • Very high flow to fill long, thin walls
  • Mold complex geometries with tight tolerances
  • Outstanding chemical resistance
  • Inherently flame retardant

 

 

 

Amodel® PPA

Xydar® LCP

Bobbins

Connectors

Engine Control

 

Fuses

Housings

 

LEDs

 

Lighting Sockets

Motor Brush Hold

 

Motor End Caps

 

Relays

 

Sensors

Solenoids

 

Switches

 

 

Short term performance at elevated temperatures

Amodel-Xydar-performance-at-elevated-temperatures

 

Long term performance at elevated temperatures
Tensile strength half life, ISO 2578 thermal aging

Amodel-long-term-performance

 

Water absorption - lower moisture prevents blistering

Amodel-Xydar-water-absorption

 

Mechanical properties and cycle times

One Minute Solder Dip Test

  Amodel®  
PPA
Xydar®  
LCP
PA 4,6 HTN PCT PPS
250°C OK OK OK OK OK OK
260°C OK OK Blisters OK Blisters OK
270°C OK OK Blisters Blisters Blisters OK
280°C OK OK Blisters Blisters Blisters

Blister

Test bars conditioned at 23°C in 50% relative humidity for 48 hours. 
 

Injection molding cycle times

Amodel-Xydar-injection-molding-cycle-times

Fuel Systems

Improve Fuel Economy & Reduce Emissions

The global need to reduce evaporative emissions along with changes in fuel formulations have sparked a strong interest in higher-performing plastics, fluids and elastomers for use in automotive and other fuel-burning engines.

 

High-Temperature Components

Amodel® PPA Replaces Metal

For over 15 years, Amodel® PPA has successfully replaced metal in fuel system components where heat is a major consideration. With a heat deflection temperature of 280°C and continuous-use temperatures from 120-180°C, Amodel® PPA delivers the thermal performance you need for the short term as well as the long haul.

Key Features

  • High strength and stiffness
  • Ultra-low permeation
  • Bio-diesel and flex fuel compatibility
  • Long-term fuel contact from 60-125°C
  • Continuous use from 120-180°Cv
  • Resistance to automotive fluids, cleaners and road salts
  • ESD and toughened grades available

 

Multi-Layer Extrusion

Ixef® PARA Reduces Complexity and Cost with Fewer Layers

Ixef® BXT-2000/0203 has been approved by the California Air Resources Board (CARB) and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) as a barrier solution for three-layer fuel tank systems for small-engine fuel tanks such as lawnmowers, snow blowers, weed trimmers and generators.

Ixef® BXT-2000/0203 is a reformulated extrusion and blow moldable polyarylamide (PARA) resin that offers a lower processing temperature, higher flow and a wider processing window than the previous BXT 2000 grade.

The material can also be used in two-layer barrier structures such as fuel lines, filler pipes and low-permeation fuel hoses because it can withstand direct contact with fuel.

Key Features

  • Ultra-low permeation
  • Excellent impact resistance to minus 40°C
  • Direct contact with bio-diesel and high ethanol fuels
  • Two-layer and three-layer barrier technology
  • Exceptional processing stability
  • Continuous barrier at pinch line
  • Low extractibles in alcohol-based fuels

Typical Applications

  • Small engine fuel tanks
  • Delivery and vapor hoses
  • Filler tubes
  • Storage containers
  • Sheet and film

Permeability

When exposed to CM15 fuel for 5,000 hours at 60°C, Ixef® BXT 2000 showed low weight gain, little dimensional change and excellent retention of mechanical properties. Additional testing to confirm the material’s long-term compatibility with Fuel C, CE10, CE85, B20 SME, B20 RME and No. 2 diesel are near completion.

Average permeability rates over 28 days 
CE10 fuel (90% Fuel C, 10% ethanol) at 60°C

Amodel-average-permeation

 

High Performance Seals

Tecnoflon® fluoroelastomers offer resistance to the most aggressive fuel mixtures while providing excellent properties for the lowest permeation. Tecnoflon® FKM grades have been designed to cover a broad operating temperature range: -40°C to +250°C. Applications include O-rings, fuel line quick-connect seals, fuel sender unit seals, fuel host connectors and fuel cap seals.

Chemical Resistance in Flex Fluids

Fluid Testing in Ethanol Blends, 70 hrs @ 60°C

Tecnoflon-flex-fuel-resistance-in-ethanol

Fluid Testing at Methanol Blends, 168 hrs @ 23°C / 40°C

Tecnoflon-flex-fuel-resistance-in-methanol

Fluid Testing in Biodiesel, 336 hrs @ 150°C

Tecnoflon-flex-fuel-resistance-in-biodiesel

 

Optimal Pipes, Tubes and Hoses

Algoflon® DF 

Algoflon® DF powders are used for pipes and tubings for fuel transport in automotive systems with exceptional performance:

  • Chemical inertness in aggressive environments
  • Thermal resistance
  • Electrical properties
  • Non-stick characteristics in a wide range of temperatures from cryogenic to 260°C

Solef® PVDF

Solef® PVDF qualities of impermeability and chemical resistance recommend their use in automotive fuel transport systems. A layer of Solef® PVDF within the construction of a multi-layer fuel line enhances the strength, permeation resistance and durability of the hose.

 

Lubrication

Fomblin® PFPE

Fomblin® PFPE is a family of high performance fluorinated lubricants with exceptional properties such as:

  • Compatibility with fuels
  • Wide temperature service range
  • Oustanding properties at low temperature
  • Low evaporation weight loss, which extends the durability of the lubricant and of the lubricated components
  • Non-flammable and safe
  • Oxidation and thermal stability and resistant to most automotive solvents, oils, fluids and gases.

 

Amodel® PPA Outperforms Conventional Nylons

 

Polyphthalamides (PPA) outperform standard polyamides with higher strength and stiffness at elevated temperatures, better retention of properties in humid environments, and greater resistance to a broader range of chemicals.

With a heat deflection temperature of 280°C (536°F) and continuous-use temperature up to 210°C (410°F), Amodel® PPA (polyphthalamide) can take the heat in under-the-hood applications that are too demanding for conventional nylons and polyesters.

Air Induction Components

Amodel® PPA Outperforms Conventional Nylons

With a heat deflection temperature of 280°C (536°F) and continuous-use temperature up to 210°C (410°F), Amodel® PPA can take the heat in under-the-hood applications that are too demanding for conventional nylons and polyesters. This allows charge air cooler (CAC) housings, airflow valves, throttle bodies and other components molded from Amodel PPA to maintain their high strength and stiffness along with excellent creep and fatigue resistance when exposed to high heat and thermal cycling.

Key Features

  • Excellent mechanical properties over a broad range of operating temperatures and pressures
  • Continuous use up to 210°C (410°F)
  • Excellent resistance to automotive fluids, cleaners and road salts
  • Low moisture absorption
  • Excellent dimensional stability

Typical Applications

  • CAC Hot Air Ducts
  • CAC Housings
  • Diesel Airflow Valves
  • EGR Valves & Housings
  • Throttle Bodies
  • Turbocharger Housings

 

Air Induction System Turbocharger Components

Amodel® PPA Outperforms Conventional Nylons for Turbocharger Housings

With a heat deflection temperature of 280°C (536°F) and continuous-use temperature up to 210°C (410°F), Amodel® PPA can take the heat in under-the-hood applications that are too demanding for conventional nylons and polyesters. This allows charge air cooler (CAC) housings, airflow valves, throttle bodies and other components molded from Amodel PPA to maintain their high strength and stiffness along with excellent creep and fatigue resistance when exposed to high heat and thermal cycling.

Key Features

  • Excellent mechanical properties over a broad range of operating temperatures and pressures
  • Continuous use up to 210°C (410°F)
  • Excellent resistance to automotive fluids, cleaners and road salts
  • Low moisture absorption
  • Excellent dimensional stability

 

Cooling & Heating Systems

Full-Size Performance for Down-Sized Engines

Amodel® PPA has successfully replaced die-cast aluminum in engine coolant systems for over 15 years. This high-performance polyamide offers fundamental performance advantages over conventional polyamides due to its aromatic nature and is routinely used to replace metal in under-the-hood applications where heat, humidity and chemical resistance are major considerations.

Similar to Ryton® PPS, Amodel® PPA offers excellent dimensional stability in corrosive, high-temperature environments. In addition, it delivers better fatigue and impact resistance, better strength retention at 130°C (266°F) after prolonged exposure to engine coolants as well as faster cycle times when molding.

 

Fatigue Resistance Properties

Fatigue resistance at 32 Hz and 170°C (338°F)

Amodel-fatigue-resistance

 

 

Elongation Properties

Elongation at 130°C (266°F)

Amodel-elongation

 

Long-Life Coolant Exposure

Tensile strength after exposure to Long Life Coolant

Amodel-tensile-strength

 

Weldline strength after exposure to Long Life Coolant

Amodel-weld-line-strength

 

 

Tensile Fatigue Properties

Tensile fatigue at 10Hz and 150°C (302°F)

Amodel-tensile-fatigue

 

 

Electrical / Electronics Systems

Reliable High-Temperature Performance

Amodel® PPA is a family of high-temperature polyamides that retain their high strength and stiffness up to 280°C and maintain mechanical integrity after thousands of hours at elevated temperatures. Their low moisture absorption prevents blistering during IR soldering. These materials are highly resistant to many commonly used electronic cleaning agents, fuels, automotive fluids and road salts. Fast cycle times can lower molding costs.

Amodel® PPA resins are available in an wide variety of grades—including high strength, toughened, conductive, high flow, laser welding and flame retardant grades—giving you more ways to optimize performance, processing and price.

Key Features

  • High strength and stiffness
  • Continuous-use temperature from 120-185°C at 5,000 hours
  • Withstands SMT processing up to 280°C
  • Low moisture absorption prevents blistering
  • Excellent dimensional stability
  • High flow for thin-wall designs and precision overmolding
  • Excellent electrical insulating properties
  • Good adhesion to silicone and epoxy
  • Meets established OEM specifications
  • Resists automotive fluids, fuels and road salts

 

Fuel Systems

Amodel® PPA Replaces Metal

For over 15 years, Amodel polyphthalamide (PPA) has successfully replaced metal in fuel system components where heat is a major consideration. With a heat deflection temperature of 280°C and continuous-use temperatures from 120-180°C, Amodel PPA delivers the thermal performance you need for the short term as well as the long haul.

Key Features

  • High strength and stiffness
  • Ultra-low permeation
  • Bio-diesel and flex fuel compatibility
  • Long-term fuel contact from 60-125°C
  • Continuous use from 120-180°C
  • Resistance to automotive fluids, cleaners and road salts
  • ESD and toughened grades available

Typical Applications

  • Fuel flanges
  • Rollover valves
  • Quick connects
  • Filter housings
  • Fuel rails
  • Sender units
  • Fuel and vapor lines
  • Throttle bodies
  • Carburetors

 

Fuel Compatibility

The compatibility of Amodel® PPA with many current and potential future fuel blends was evaluated in extensive laboratory testing. This included exposure to bio-diesel, diesel, and diesel with aggressive water for 6,000 hours at 125°C (to simulate under-the-hood conditions) and exposure to fuel C, flex fuels, and auto-oxidized fuels for 5,000 hours at 60°C (to simulate fuel tank conditions).

Amodel® PPA showed low weight gain, little dimensional change, and excellent retention of mechanical properties over the range of fuels and temperatures evaluated. Please contact your Solvay representative for detailed test results.

Amodel® PPA Fuel Compatibility
Diesel
B20 SME
B20 RME
Fuel C
CE10
CM15

Average permeability rates over 28 days 
CE10 fuel (90% Fuel C, 10% ethanol) at 60°C

Amodel-average-permeation

 

Chemical Compatibility

Chemical Compatibility
Chemical Test Conditions Amodel® 
AT-1002
POM PA 6,6
Hydrochloric Acid, 5-10% 23°C, 1000 hrs Excellent Poor Poor
Hydrofluoric Acid, 1-5% 23°C, 1000 hrs Good Poor Poor
Nitric Acid, 5-10% 23°C, 1000 hrs Excellent Poor Poor
Sulfuric Acid, 5-10% 23°C, 1000 hrs Excellent Poor Good
Sulfuric Acid, 30-36% 23°C, 1000 hrs Excellent Poor Poor
Sulfuric Acid, 30-36% 40°C, 200 hrs Excellent Poor Poor
Zinc Chloride, 50% 23°C, 200 hrs Excellent Poor Poor

Mechanical Components

Amodel® PPA is a high-temperature polyamide that replaces metal where heat, humidity and chemical resistance are major considerations. Structrual grades offer improved weld line strength for larger, thicker parts.

Typical Applications

  • Brake systems
  • Suspension and hydraulics
  • Drivetrain

Air Induction Systems

Amodel® PPA Outperforms Conventional Nylons

With a heat deflection temperature of 280°C (536°F) and continuous-use temperature up to 210°C (410°F), Amodel® polyphthalamide (PPA) can take the heat in under-the-hood applications that are too demanding for conventional nylons and polyesters. This allows charge air cooler (CAC) housings, airflow valves, throttle bodies and other components molded from Amodel PPA to maintain their high strength and stiffness along with excellent creep and fatigue resistance when exposed to high heat and thermal cycling.

Key Features

  • Excellent mechanical properties over a broad range of operating temperatures and pressures
  • Continuous use up to 210°C (410°F)
  • Excellent resistance to automotive fluids, cleaners and road salts
  • Low moisture absorption
  • Excellent dimensional stability

Typical Applications

  • CAC Hot Air Ducts
  • CAC Housings
  • Diesel Airflow Valves
  • EGR Valves & Housings
  • Throttle Bodies
  • Turbocharger Housings

 
 

Wear-Resistant Plastics for Turbocharger Components

Turbocharger bushings, seal rings and other internal components are some of the most demanding applications in air induction systems. They must withstand extreme temperatures, wear, loads and aggressive chemicals in lubricated and non-lubricated environments over a wide range of critical pressures and velocities.

Wear-resistant grades of Torlon® PAI and KetaSpire® PEEK are formulated to give you just the right combination of mechanical and tribological properties to effectively replace metal in high-temperature friction and wear applications.

For comparable PEEK performance with up to 30% lower cost, consider our new wear-resistant AV-700 grades of AvaSpire® PAEK.

Key Features

  • Long-term use from 120-265°C (248-509°F)
  • Short-term use up to 280°C (536°F)
  • Lubricated and non-lubricated environments
  • Self-lubricating for longer life
  • Lighter weight and less noise than metals
  • Non-corrosive and non-galling

Typical Applications

  • Bearing Retainers
  • Bushings
  • Compressor Wheels
  • Isolation Disks
  • Seal Rings

Polymer Additives

Fluorolink® PFPE fluorinated additives and modifiers for vulcanized elastomers improve the slip properties of elastomeric compounds and surface properties reducing or eliminating interior noises and squeaks, the stick/slip phenomenon in weatherstripping, components that require low insertion forces and sliding components.

Fomblin® PFPE High Performance Lubricants

Fomblin® PFPE fluorinated fluids are high performance lubricants with exceptional properties such as:

  • Fuel compatibility
  • Low evaporation weight loss
  • Low noise
  • High viscosity index
  • Anti-wear properties
  • No carbonized residue formation
  • Very long service life at high and low temperatures (-40°C to 150°C)
  • Satisfying Extended Warranties - Components must be designed for lifetime lubrication
  • Exceptional low temperature starting torque
  • Compatibility with plastics, metals and elastomers commonly used in automotive design
  • Elimination of NVH (Noise, Vibration, Harshness)
  • Not affected by most automotive solvents, oils, fluids and gases
  • Oxidation and thermal stability

Applications

  • Air Induction Systems
  • Fan & Radiator Lubrication for Cooling & Heating Systems
  • Contact Lubrication for E/E systems
  • Fuel system mechanical and hydraulic components
  • Mechanical components

Jacket and Primary Insulation

Sophisticated control and sensing systems have stringent demands for their cabling which only fluoropolymers can deliver. Solvay offers Hyflon® PFA/MFA®, Halar® ECTFE and cross-linkable grades of Solef® PVDF.

For applications such as automotive push-pull cables, Hyflon® MFA® offers:

  • High temperature resistance
  • Chemical resistance
  • Smooth surface properties

For over-cable jacketing applications and primary conductor insulation, Algoflon® DF PTFE fine powders shows:

  • Outstanding chemical inertness
  • Outstanding thermal resistance
  • Excellent electrical properties
  • Non-stick characteristics in a wide range of temperatures from cryogenic to 260°C
  • Non-flammable materials