GPS Safety Summaries inform the public about key hazards and risk management measures related to substances placed on the market, in a simple, easily understandable format: 
 

  • GPS Safety Summaries are published in the context of the Global Product Strategy (GPS) initiative of the International Council of Chemical Associations (ICCA), the world federation of chemical industries. This initiative was launched in 2006 to support the product stewardship initiatives of individual companies and the global chemical industry as a whole. 
    Each summary contains basic information on the chemical identity of a chemical substance, its physicochemical properties, uses, health and environmental effects, potential routes of exposure and risk management recommendations.
  • GPS Safety Summaries are not legal documents. They are thus not intended to replace more detailed, mandatory Safety Data Sheets nor to provide emergency response information or medical information. In-depth safety and health information can only be found in the relevant Safety Data Sheet (SDS). 
  • GPS Safety Summaries for Solvay substances can be found on the ICCA GPS Chemicals Portal
A - B - C

Acute toxicity:
Harmful effect resulting from a single or short-term exposure to a substance.

Auto-ignition temperature:
The lowest temperature at which a substance will spontaneously combust without an external source of ignition.

Biodegradation:
Decomposition or breakdown of a substance under natural conditions (action of micro-organisms).

Bioaccumulation:
Progressive accumulation in living organisms of a chemical substance present in the environment.

Carcinogenicity:
Substance effects causing cancer.

Clastogenicity:
Substance effect that causes breaks in chromosome.

D - E - F

Embryotoxicity:
Harmful effect on foetus health

G - H - I

Genotoxicity:
Substance effect that causes damage to genes, including mutagenicity and clastogenicity.

GHS:
Global Harmonized System of chemicals classification.

Hazard:
Inherent substance property bearing a threat to health or environment.

M - N - O

Mutagenicity:
Substance effect that cause mutation of genes.

P - Q - R

Partition coefficient:
The ratio of the concentrations of a substance in the two phases of a mixture of two immiscible solvents (usually n-octanol and water) at equilibrium.

PBT:
Persistent, Bioaccumulative, Toxic.

REACH:
Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals: European framework chemicals Regulation

Persistence:
Refers to the length of time a compound stays in the environment, once introduced.

Reprotoxicity:
Substance effect on reproduction, including teratogenicity, embryotoxicity and harmful effects on fertility.

Repeated dose toxicity:
Harmful effect after repeated short-term or long-term exposure to a substance.

S - T - U

Sensitising:
Allergenic.

Sediment:
Topsoil, sand and minerals washed from the land into water, and forming in the end a layer at the bottom of rivers and sea.

Teratogenicity:
Substance effect on foetal morphology.

V - W - X

Vapor pressure:
A measure of a substance ‘s propensity to evaporate.

Volatile:
Any substance that evaporates readily.

vPvB:
very Persistent, very Bioaccumulative.